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debian7 编译安装transmission最新版

文章目录

前言

目前有一台大盘鸡准备安装TR来PT,但是官方给的debian系统只有debian7,为了安装最新版的TR,这里只能采用编译安装了。
当然本博客以前也介绍了APT-GET安装TR的方法:TR和WEB控制面板

开始

安装相关依赖:

apt-get update
apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev automake autoconf libtool pkg-config intltool libcurl4-openssl-dev libglib2.0-dev libevent-dev libminiupnpc-dev libgtk-3-dev libappindicator3-dev

下载TR并编译安装,TR的最新版请看:https://github.com/transmission/transmission-releases,这里以2.94为例。

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/transmission/transmission-releases/master/transmission-2.94.tar.xz
tar xf transmission-2.94.tar.xz
cd transmission-2.94
./configure --enable-daemon --with-gtk=no
make
make install

可能会出现`libiconv_open'`libiconv'`libiconv_close'错误,这是由于缺少libiconv导致的。
安装libiconv。

wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.15.tar.gz
tar zxf libiconv-1.15.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.15
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconv
make
make install

上面的地址可能不可用,备用地址:http://ftp.yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp/pub/GNU/libiconv/libiconv-1.15.tar.gz
然后进入transmission目录重新编译transmission,注意要使用CFLAGS=-liconv参数

./configure --enable-daemon --with-gtk=no CFLAGS=-liconv
make
make install

创建管理脚本:vi /etc/init.d/transmission-daemon
复制以下内容

#! /bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          transmission-daemon
# Required-Start:    networking
# Required-Stop:     networking
# Default-Start:     2 3 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start the transmission BitTorrent daemon client.
### END INIT INFO
# Original Author: Lennart A. JÃŒtte, based on Rob Howell's script
# Modified by Maarten Van Coile & others (on IRC)
# Do NOT "set -e"
#
# ----- CONFIGURATION -----
#
# For the default location Transmission uses, visit:
# http://trac.transmissionbt.com/wiki/ConfigFiles
# For a guide on how set the preferences, visit:
# http://trac.transmissionbt.com/wiki/EditConfigFiles
# For the available environement variables, visit:
# http://trac.transmissionbt.com/wiki/EnvironmentVariables
#
# The name of the user that should run Transmission.
# It's RECOMENDED to run Transmission in it's own user,
# by default, this is set to 'transmission'.
# For the sake of security you shouldn't set a password
# on this user
USERNAME=root
# ----- *ADVANCED* CONFIGURATION -----
# Only change these options if you know what you are doing!
#
# The folder where Transmission stores the config & web files.
# ONLY change this you have it at a non-default location
#TRANSMISSION_HOME="/var/config/transmission-daemon"
#TRANSMISSION_WEB_HOME="/usr/share/transmission/web"
#
# The arguments passed on to transmission-daemon.
# ONLY change this you need to, otherwise use the
# settings file as per above.
#TRANSMISSION_ARGS=""
# ----- END OF CONFIGURATION -----
#
# PATH should only include /usr/* if it runs after the mountnfs.sh script.
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
DESC="bittorrent client"
NAME=transmission-daemon
DAEMON=$(which $NAME)
PIDFILE=/var/run/$NAME.pid
SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME
# Exit if the package is not installed
[ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0
# Read configuration variable file if it is present
[ -r /etc/default/$NAME ] && . /etc/default/$NAME
# Load the VERBOSE setting and other rcS variables
[ -f /etc/default/rcS ] && . /etc/default/rcS
#
# Function that starts the daemon/service
#
do_start()
{
# Export the configuration/web directory, if set
if [ -n "$TRANSMISSION_HOME" ]; then
export TRANSMISSION_HOME
fi
if [ -n "$TRANSMISSION_WEB_HOME" ]; then
export TRANSMISSION_WEB_HOME
fi
# Return
#   0 if daemon has been started
#   1 if daemon was already running
#   2 if daemon could not be started
start-stop-daemon --chuid $USERNAME --start --pidfile $PIDFILE --make-pidfile \
--exec $DAEMON --background --test -- -f $TRANSMISSION_ARGS > /dev/null \
|| return 1
start-stop-daemon --chuid $USERNAME --start --pidfile $PIDFILE --make-pidfile \
--exec $DAEMON --background -- -f $TRANSMISSION_ARGS \
|| return 2
}
#
# Function that stops the daemon/service
#
do_stop()
{
# Return
#   0 if daemon has been stopped
#   1 if daemon was already stopped
#   2 if daemon could not be stopped
#   other if a failure occurred
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --retry=TERM/10/KILL/5 --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON 
RETVAL="$?"
[ "$RETVAL" = 2 ] && return 2
# Wait for children to finish too if this is a daemon that forks
# and if the daemon is only ever run from this initscript.
# If the above conditions are not satisfied then add some other code
# that waits for the process to drop all resources that could be
# needed by services started subsequently.  A last resort is to
# sleep for some time.
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --oknodo --retry=0/30/KILL/5 --exec $DAEMON
[ "$?" = 2 ] && return 2
# Many daemons don't delete their pidfiles when they exit.
rm -f $PIDFILE
return "$RETVAL"
}
case "$1" in
start)
echo "Starting $DESC" "$NAME..."
do_start
case "$?" in
0|1) echo "   Starting $DESC $NAME succeeded" ;;
*)   echo "   Starting $DESC $NAME failed" ;;
esac
;;
stop)
echo "Stopping $DESC $NAME..."
do_stop
case "$?" in
0|1) echo "   Stopping $DESC $NAME succeeded" ;;
*)   echo "   Stopping $DESC $NAME failed" ;;
esac
;;
restart|force-reload)
#
# If the "reload" option is implemented then remove the
# 'force-reload' alias
#
echo "Restarting $DESC $NAME..."
do_stop
case "$?" in
0|1)
do_start
case "$?" in
0|1) echo "   Restarting $DESC $NAME succeeded" ;;
*)   echo "   Restarting $DESC $NAME failed: couldn't start $NAME" ;;
esac
;;
*)
echo "   Restarting $DESC $NAME failed: couldn't stop $NAME" ;;
esac
;;
*)
echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|force-reload}" >&2
exit 3
;;
esac

给与权限:

chmod +x /etc/init.d/transmission-daemon

启动TR

/etc/init.d/transmission-daemon start

关闭TR

/etc/init.d/transmission-daemon stop

设置开机自启动:

update-rc.d transmission-daemon defaults

先启动一次TR,再关闭TR,如果不关闭TR,那么对配置文件的修改会无效,然后修改配置文件/root/.config/transmission-daemon/settings.json
配置文件的内容参考:TR和WEB控制面板
web控制面板也请参考:TR和WEB控制面板,要注意的是编译安装的WEB文件夹在:/usr/local/share/transmission/web

参考链接:
https://npchk.info/ubuntu-debian-compile-transmission/
https://trac.transmissionbt.com/wiki/Scripts/initd
https://blog.whsir.com/post-1275.html

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